Retail Logistics Market in Japan: Key Research Findings 2022
Retail Logistics Market Grew to 105.1% Year-on-Year to 7.9 Trillion Yen in FY2021 (on preliminary basis)
Yano Research Institute (the President, Takashi Mizukoshi) has carried out a survey on the domestic market of retail logistics, and found out the market overview, the trends of market players, and future perspectives.
According to the preliminary results, size of the retail logistics market grew to 105.1% of the preceding fiscal year to 7.9 trillion yen for FY2021, based on the sales at businesses of retail logistics (companies specialized in logistics and subsidiaries of logistics companies).
Major market drivers are the increase in the total volume of distribution due to the expansion of the entire retail market*1, and the rise of last mile delivery such as home delivery services*2 led by the changes in consumer purchasing behavior, which shifted from shopping at physical stores to shopping online (e-commerce) *1. In addition, the market is affected by the soaring transportation cost, which is due to swelling labor cost led by the driver shortage as well as increase in fuel cost. Characteristics of consumer e-commerce - ‘multiproduct’, ‘small quantities (small-lot)’, and ‘frequent deliveries’- have caused the rise in shipping cost (loading and transportation). In particular, the increase of last-mile delivery has augmented the size of the retail logistics market.
*1. Data source: “Current Survey of Commerce” and “e-Commerce Market Survey” by Ministry of Economy, Trade, and Industry (METI)
*2. Last mile delivery indicates the delivery process when an item (merchandise, parcel) is moved from a distribution hub to a final destination, which is usually a home or office of an individual general consumer (B2C), or a delivery of item from a general consumer to another consumer (C2C).
Last-Mile Delivery Indispensable for B2C E-Commerce
As consumers increasingly turn to e-commerce for all their shopping needs, many retailers have expanded to online retail. The last mile delivery logistics is required as a must in e-commerce, in other words, the home delivery service providers play the largest role in the direct delivery of e-commerce merchandize to consumers.
Since home delivery companies that provide last-mile delivery have been seriously impacted by the labor shortages, they are required to reestablish their workflows and organizational mechanism to adapt to the increase in the number of parcels. Meanwhile, retailers also need to work on reducing the need for redelivery, leveling out the volume of parcels, improving loading efficiency of vehicles used for the transportation, and calling out for consumer cooperation.
The retail logistics market is forecasted to grow to 8.24 trillion yen for FY2022 (104.3% of the previous year), based on the sales at businesses of retail logistics (companies specialized in logistics and subsidiaries of logistics companies). Despite the slight decline in the momentum compared to the previous fiscal year, the market is expected to grow, and the growth attributes to the same factors as in the previous fiscal year, i.e., the growth of the EC ratio (the ratio of the e-commerce sales size to the total amount of all transactions) and the increase in transportation costs due to soaring fuel cost and labor cost. As the trend is expected to remain for the forthcoming years, further growth is foreseen for the retail logistics market.
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