Non-Residential/Non-Dwelling Wooden Construction Market in Japan: Key Research Findings 2020
Yano Research Institute (the President, Takashi Mizukoshi) has conducted a survey on the domestic non-residential (non-dwelling) wooden construction market and has found out the market size, the trend by segment, and the future outlook.
The domestic market of non-residential wooden construction (new constructions and addition/renovation) for FY2019 by floor area increased to 4,284,000 square meters (103.0% of the size of preceding fiscal year), and the market size by estimated construction expenses rose to 712,900 million yen (110.5% of the size of previous fiscal year).
The market growth by floor area was sluggish because of an expansion of floor area per project. By application, major non-residential wooden constructions include welfare facilities for elderly, childcare facilities (kindergartens/nurseries), offices and shops, while it is also expanding to warehouses, commercial facilities, and hotels. Demand is shifting toward wooden construction for rebuilding of lumber companies’ head office building and other office buildings which used to be RC construction (reinforced concrete construction). It is assumed that the increase of non-residential wooden construction for large-scale facilities (larger than 3,000 square meters) also contributed to the market growth.
By estimated construction expenses since FY2010, size of the market for FY2019 was the second-largest after FY2017. Behind this expansion is a rise of large scale properties using fire-retardant-treated wood members for interior decoration and an uptick of price per construction project due to soaring labor cost. While the spread of COVID-19 caused suspension or cancellation of some projects and postponement of construction starts scheduled in year-end of FY2019 (after February 2020), the impact seems to have been minimal for the entire market.
Growing Momentum towards Wooden Construction to Realize a “Decarbonized Society”
From a perspective that the use of wood contributes to achievement of United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), cooperation for use of lumber is in progress across industries, not just among lumber and construction industries. The SDGs is adding momentum to demand expansion for lumber.
Cross-industry initiative* in trying to increase use of wood is expanding. For example, joint platform of industry, academia, and financial sector called Wood Solution Network started; “Shin-rin-riyo Suishin Zenkoku Kaigi (National Conference Promoting Use of Lumber)” is established with 44 regional associations of Japan Association of Corporate Executives, 42 governors, and 48 mayors who participate in “CLT-zai-de Chiho-Sousei-wo Jitsugen-suru Shucho Rengo (Alliance of Leaders for Regional Revival with Use of Cross Laminated Timber)”; “Shinrin-wo-Ikasu Toshi-no Mokuzoka Suishin Kyogikai (Council Promoting Utilization of Forest and Woods for Wooden Metropolis)” is convened by enterprises and associations of forestry, lumber, and construction industries; a working team for introduction of wooden structure and wooden interior decoration is organized within the Construction Committee of Japan Federation of Construction Contractors; and Forestry Agency of MAFF coordinated “Roadmap for Use of Lumber for Large-scale Construction”.
The“Shinrin-wo-Ikasu Toshi-no Mokuzoka Suishin Kyogikai (Council Promoting Utilization of Forest and Woods for Wooden Metropolis)” announced a policy to extend the application of the “Act for Promotion of Use of Wood in Public Buildings” to private constructions. As a lawmaker-initiated legislation is expected to be enacted in 2021 for revising the Act to include private constructions, expanding trend of non-residential wooden construction market is noteworthy.
*Note that the initiatives mentioned in quotation marks have no official English names. The names in English above are tentative translations by Yano Research Institute.
Size of the domestic non-residential construction market for FY2020 is projected to reach 3,970 thousand square meters by floor area (92.7% of the previous fiscal year), and 634,000 million yen by estimated construction expenses (88.9% of the preceding fiscal year).
In FY2020, declaration of the state of emergency due to spread of COVID-19 influenced starts of small-scale, short work period constructions because of restricted business operations, while some constructions of eating and drinking facilities were cancelled or postponed due to the calamity. Furthermore, against the background of economic uncertainties, a trend of manufacturing industry cutting back in capital investments was seen. It is assumed that the curtailment affected the construction starts of manufacturing plants including those in wooden structure.
The non-residential construction market is deeply impacted by the trends in construction starts of large-scale buildings (an area larger than 3,000 square meters). A small percent of increase in the market size is anticipated temporarily for FY2021, owing to demand carryovers, which refers to the construction starts of large-scale projects that were postponed in FY2020 due to COVID-19.
Assuming that the market transition remain at same level, the market for FY2021 is forecasted to attain 4,250 thousand square meters by floor area (99.2% of that of FY2019), and 699,300 million yen by estimated construction expenses (98.1% of that of FY2019).
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