Cold Chain Logistics Market in Japan: Key Research Findings 2021
Cold Chain Logistics Market Size for FY2020 Attained 1,750 Billion Yen (98.3% YoY)
Yano Research Institute (the President, Takashi Mizukoshi) has conducted a survey on the cold chain logistics market in Japan and has found out the market size, trends of market players, and future perspectives.
The cold chain logistics market size for FY2020, calculated based on the domestic and overseas sales at Japanese cold chain logistics service providers, was valued at 1,750 billion yen, 98.3% of the size of the previous year. Despite the stable growth until FY2019, it turned for the worse in FY2020.
The decline attributes mostly to the slump of the dining industry due to voluntary lockdown and decrease of inbound tourism demand (demand spurred by foreigners visiting Japan) during COVID-19 crisis. The situation caused the demand for professional-use frozen foods to diminish. Although the rise of cocooning demand boosted the demand of frozen foods for household, it was not enough to cover a decrease in sales of frozen foods for business use. Scale down of the consumption of frozen foods (for business and for household) was one of the reasons for the shrinkage of the cold chain logistics market.
Urgent Need to Solve Truck Driver Shortage
The new regulation that caps overtime at 960 hours a year for truck drivers will be effective from April 2024. In anticipation of the “2024 issues” worsening driver shortage, companies are prepared with countermeasures. A noteworthy characteristic of the measures taken at cold chain logistics companies is how they place importance on shortening per driver travel distance by relay trucking or a modal shift.
The relay trucking indicates the transportation method of ‘sharing’ a single freight with multiple drivers. Modal shift refers to a change of transportation method from trucks to coastal vessel transport and/or railway, which is also expected to be effective as a way of reducing CO2 emission. Moreover, acquisitions of local refrigerated carriers by large and mid-size cold chain logistics companies, for the purpose of expanding trucking capacity, are becoming rather conspicuous. Further acquisitions are expected hereafter to solve a shortage of truck drivers.
The market size of cold chain logistics is projected to reach 1,760 billion yen by FY2021, 100.6% of the size of the previous fiscal year, based on the domestic and overseas sales at Japanese cold chain logistics service providers.
Rising popularity of mail-order foods, expansion of business operations at service providers, and increase of budget for logistics at customers may contribute to the market expansion. On the other hand, the constructive efforts by the cold chain logistics industry to streamline transportation may reduce the distribution expenses at customers, which may, ironically, impede the market growth.
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